Makhuwa Cluster

Languages: eSaka, eMarrevoni, eXirima
People Group: aMakhuwa
People Group Size: 812,000 eSaka, 917,000 eMarrevoni and 2,500,000 eXirima
Location: Mozambique
Lifestyle: Subsistence farming

Translation Time-frame: October 2023 to September 2025
Completed in Phase 1: 260 Bible stories (65 stories in each of 4 languages)
Translation Phase: 2
Translation Goals: Oral Bible translation of Genesis and Luke
Source Languages: Central Makhuwa and Portuguese
Managing Partners: Wycliffe SA / Nampula Roman Catholic Church


Map MakhuwaSpread out across the northern provinces of Mozambique is the eMakhuwa language group. This is the largest Bantu language spoken in Mozambique, covering about 1/3 of the population. eMakhuwa is classified into 11 variants, of which some are close to each other and others are distant.

The need for Bible translation was determined when the Catholic Church, together with other Evangelical churches, began conducting outreach programs. They came to realise that what they needed, both to elevate life transformation in the communities and to follow God’s mission, was to have relevant Bible narratives in their own languages. This would open up God’s Word and provide opportunities to reach out to all people.

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Luke 16:19-31 (eMarrevoni)

(The Rich Man and Lazarus)

Mark 12:28-34 (eSaka)

(The Greatest Commandment)

1 Sam 1:1-21 (eXirima)

(The Birth of Samuel)

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